Hemolytic disease is one of the blood disorders that is found in newborns, or in a fetus. In some cases the disease can be life threatening.
The normal timeline of RBC (red blood cells) is of 120 days. In case of hemolytic disease, the red blood cells are destroyed earlier than 120 days.
Causes of hemolytic disease
Red blood cells can cross from the fetus into the mother’s blood during pregnancy with the help of placenta. This blood disorder occurs when the mother’s immune system sees the fetus’s blood cells as foreign agents, and develops antibodies against it. The antibodies attack the fetus’s red blood cells killing them too early.
The condition of hemolytic disease develops when the mother and the fetus (the unborn baby) have different blood group. The blood group is based on small molecules that are placed on the surface of the red blood cells.
There are 4 types of blood groups A, B, AB, and O. The most common mismatches might occur between these 4 blood groups, and they are not severe. The condition turns into a Hemolytic disease, when the Rh factor of the mother and the unborn baby are different. For instance, when the blood group of the mother is A positive and that of the unborn baby is B negative.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of this blood disorder include:
- Swelling under the surface of the skin, this is medically termed as Edema.
- Jaundice, that occurs sooner than usual and is more severe than is usually observed.
- Low blood count (Anemia)
- Enlarged liver or spleen
- Deposition of fluids in spaces containing heart, lungs, and abdominal body. This condition is called as Hydrops which can lead to heart or respiratory failure.
Treatment and prevention
Infants suffering from this type of blood disorders can be treated with:
- Being fed more often and receive more fluids
- Phototherapy, or light therapy which uses blue lights that converts bilirubin that the baby’s body can get rid of
- Administering antibodies that can protect the baby’s red blood cells from getting destroyed
- Medications (prescribed by the doctor) to keep the blood pressure of the baby, normal
- In severe cases, blood transfusion may be required. Blood transfusion is a process in which large amount of blood is removed along with bilirubin and antibodies and is infused with fresh donor blood.
- The pregnant mother can be tested for Rh compatibility. If it turns out to be different from that of the baby, talk to your health care provider who will guide you with various prevention options for the same.
Abdominal Pain – Types and CausesRead More...
Abdominal pain causes extreme discomfort due to pain experienced anywhere between the lower chest and the groin. Abdominal pain varies from acute to chronic pain. It may be a dull sensation or a sharp, searing pain. There are several causes of the disease and it has many different symptoms. A few symptoms of abdominal pain include ulcers of the stomach, gallbladder disease, food poisoning, appendicitis, cysts, fibroids, STDs, cancer, and vascular problems. If you are suffering from pain in the abdomen for a prolonged period of time, it is absolutely necessary to visit a doctor and get it diagnosed at the earliest. Abdominal pain is generally described on the basis of the location of the pain, the type of pain, and its intensity.
Location of abdominal pain
- Upper abdominal pain
- Lower left abdomen pain
- Right upper and pain in lower abdomen
- Pain in the pelvis
Types of abdominal pain
The type of abdominal pain can go a long way in helping to determine the underlying cause of the pain. At times, it is difficult to categorize the kind of pain thus making it difficult to diagnose the disease. Here are a few common types of abdominal pain:
- Sharp pain
- Dull pain
- A stabbing sensation
- Tearing pain
- Experiencing cramps
- Twisting pain
- Extreme pressure
Causes of abdominal pain
Abdominal pain is quite common, and it can be complicated and caused by a number of factors. To put it into perspective, abdominal pain is one of the top two reasons why Americans visit the emergency room. Here are a few of its most common causes:
- Stomach flu
- Acid reflux
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Food intolerances
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Crohn’s disease
- Stomach or peptic ulcers
- Celiac disease
- Strained or pulled muscles
- Menstrual cramps or endometriosis
- Bladder and urinary tract infections
While pain in the abdomen is a common problem in the country, there is no reason why you should not seek immediate treatment on contracting this ache. It is unpleasant and leads to a variety of different symptoms and aches. If you are suffering from any of the symptoms of the disease, visit a doctor immediately and get it diagnosed. Your health is solely in your hands. On a correct diagnosis, the doctor would recommend a treatment option or prescribe medications to help ease the pain and discomfort.
5 errors truck drivers should avoid while on the roadRead More...
Driving a truck is no simple business as it involves many risks. Nearly all goods shipped across the country from major ports make their way inland after being brought in by a network of heavy-duty vehicles. It is a reason why truckers get paid big for long-haul cargo. The freight’s value also determines how much money can be made in a single trip. However, first-time drivers should be wary of some rookie mistakes during trips.
Big rigs take more time to come to a complete stop, especially at high speeds. Not gauging the distance properly could lead truckers to careen into the vehicle in front. This could even happen while changing lanes without leaving space for the trailer in the back, as it will swerve sharply at high speeds.
Breaching speed limits
Driving fast is necessary to maintain the highway speed limit. But that does not mean one should drive rashly. It is also not very cool to tailgate other vehicles and prompt them to speed. If the driver ahead loses control, this could result in a catastrophic accident.
Sleep deprived driving
When it comes to truck driving, deadlines are a crucial factor. But truckers are more likely to make silly driving mistakes that could result in a major accident if they don’t take adequate time to relax and cool down. Moreover, if the highway patrol catches drivers working overtime, a hefty fine and license suspension can bring the trucking business to a grinding halt.
Bad timing for fueling
Fueling up just before a weighing station on the highway is a critical mistake. Simply because the weight of the fuel can put the truck overboard on the allotted minimum towage restriction for that particular state or national highway, it is always better to fill up the tanks once well underway on the journey after completing highway formalities.
Modern-day trucks have a lot of safety and automation features that monitor throttle response and braking. But these safety assists are no excuse for driving trucks while engaging in activities like checking the phone or eating while driving.
Popular trucks for commercial driving
Pickups are the workhorse trucks used for commercial driving, capable of hauling and towing large loads across shorter distances while keeping the drive economical. Popular trucks like the Dodge RAM 1500, RAM 2500, and Toyota Tacoma pickups are some of the most functional and affordable trucks to compare and buy this year. Get revised quotes for new and used pickup trucks from local dodge pickup truck dealers and Toyota Tacoma dealers today.